Types of Muscles And The Functions of Each


The human body has more than 600 muscles. Different muscles in the muscular system play an important role in maintaining the vital activity of man and are the mode of movement. To maintain the optimal tone of the basic skeletal muscles, they must be regularly strengthened by physical exercises.

Types of Muscle:

Three different types of muscles include smooth, cardiac and skeletal muscles. Some of the smooth muscles are involuntary (those that participate in the processes of breathing and digestion). The heart muscle provides for the transfer of blood through the body. Although these muscles contribute to the maintenance of vital functions, most people think of the basic muscles of the body as certain skeletal muscles. These muscles allow you to perform arbitrary movements, and each of them performs an important function.

1. The quadriceps

These are the large muscles in front of the hips. The quadriceps play an important role in walking, running, jumping and squatting. People who participate in intense sports activities often develop large quadriceps muscles.

2. Gluteus maximus

These are large and strong muscles that form the buttocks. They help us get out of the sitting position, go up the stairs and help in many movements that involve the nearby muscles of the lower back and upper legs.

3. Biceps

Located at the top of the arm, they help you to perform many types of daily activities. Reduction and relaxation of these muscles allow you to raise and lower your arms. You can see the biceps under the skin when bending the elbow, for example.

4. Deltoid Muscle

The main upper muscle of the body, the deltoids help to move the shoulders. These muscles provide for the rotation of the shoulders, swinging the bat and shrugging the shoulders. Many movements of the hands involve the use of the deltoid muscle.

5. Pectoral muscles

The pectoral muscles are located along each side of the upper chest. Movements involving a shift of the upper torso, and those involving hand swinging, involve these muscles.

6. Abdominal muscles

Abdominal muscles include muscle groups that work together to perform various movements. Included in this group are direct abdominal muscles, external oblique muscles, internal oblique abdominal muscles and transverse muscles. These muscles help maintain the abdominal organs and the intestines. They also provide a balance of the whole body. Functions include lifting your body from a prone position and twisting movements. Repeated movements, such as squats and twists of the trunk, can help to tone and strengthen the abdominal muscles.

Why You Need to Strengthen Your Muscles?

It is necessary to regularly do exercises for the main groups of muscles of the pelvis, lower back, thighs, and abdomen. This will make them stronger, improve performance, bring them into optimal balance and tone, increase endurance, which is important both on the playing field or in the gym, and in daily activities. In fact, the result of most sports and other physical activities depends on the stable operation of the main muscles. In addition, weak, flabby major muscles make you susceptible to low back pain, muscle injuries, and poor posture. Basic exercises do not require special equipment or a subscription to the gym. Any exercise that involves the use of the abdomen and back muscles can be considered as a major exercise.


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