If you play a contact sport, work out regularly in the gym, or engage in any activity that puts a strain on the joints, it’s likely that at some point you will encounter injuries.
It is very important not to ignore injuries
Trauma can affect bones, muscles, joints or connective tissues that hold them together – tendons and ligaments. In most cases, the reasons for your injury can be prevented, so you do not need to stop the fitness program for long. But it is very important not to ignore the trauma as this can make them much worse, and leave you with a chronic illness that is much more difficult to treat.
Here are some of the most common causes of injury:
Some of the most common injuries, especially in contact sports, are broken bones, knuckles, ankle sprain. Traumatic injuries are usually the result of impacts and collisions that tend to occur suddenly, so in general, there are not many ways to prevent them (although most games have rules that reduce the risk of injury, so their performance increases your security).
But other kinds of injuries can be avoided in many cases.
The risk factors that lead to injuries are usually classified as external (outside the body) or internal (touching your body).
Typical external factors include:
Excessive workload on the body
Body tissues are able to withstand a significant load: more than three times your body weight. But fabrics that are not used to such a load, will not be adapted to the confrontation and are likely to be wounded. Begin training gradually to avoid injury.
A large number of so-called “excessive injuries” is associated with sports or exercise techniques. Indeed, some injuries were even named in the people in honor of their sport (for example, tennis elbow). Often this is a repetition of actions with the wrong technique, which leads to an excessive load on the tissue and subsequent damage.
Bad or inadequate equipment
If your activity is related to the impact (running and jumping), wear appropriate shoes that support your legs and soften your body from bumps.
Failure to warm up and “cool down”
Many of the body tissues (especially the muscles) respond better to loading when they are warm. The heating process should include all the exercises for the body, increasing the flow of blood to the muscles and making them more responsive. At the end of each workout, you must also cool the muscles, which can help your body return back to normal, usually through low-intensity exercises, and then through exercises of flexibility.
Internal risk factors for injury
Includes the shape and structure of large joints, which can affect the course of training.
Other risk factors for injury include:
Inconsistency in length of legs.
Muscle weakness or imbalance.
When a person is unable to control and stabilize joints throughout the entire range of motion.
Excess weight – this increases the load on the muscles, tendons, ligaments in the bearing activity.